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The Gautier family, originally foresters in Saint-Armand-Montrond in the Cher department, moved to Aigre in the 17th century to sell their barrels. In 1644 Charles Gautier married to Jacquette Brochet, daughter of a winegrower. It was probably through this marriage the family got to hold on some vineyards. Around 1700 his grandson Louis Gautier, Sieur de la Plaine, was producing cognacs and became a merchant. In 1755 Louis’ grandson, also called Louis, founded the Gautier company in the same year that he obtained a Royal Warrant from Louis XV for producing cognacs.
Aigre seems a bit off-center for a cognac merchant, but actually, Aigre had some significant advantages. It was on the road to Paris - there weren’t that many roads in those days – and taxes were much lower for cognac transported over land compared to transport over the river Charente. So we see four important cognac traders in Aigre in the year 1804, while in Cognac there were six. This number was a relatively huge concentration. During the years they were all bought by Gautier, who was doing very well.
Gautier has had several name changes. After Louis’s death, his wife Marie Andrée Faure took control, and the name became Veuve Gautier from 1783 till 1796. Her sons then changed the name into Gautier Frères, a name that they have kept until 1952. Joseph Gautier was the last real Gautier in charge of the company. He was married to Marie Sophie Elisabeth Castillon du Perron, a descendant of the founder of Pinet, Castillon & Co.
Their daughter Simone Gautier married to Michel Hériard-Dubreuil, who was related to the Rémy Martin and Frapin families, his brother married Anne Marie Renaud, heir of Rémy Martin and Frapin). So after Joseph Gautier’s dead in 1913, Michel Hériard-Dubreuil became director of the Gautier firm and after him his son Gonzague. He was the one who first changed the name Gautier Frères into Gautier & Cie. in 1952 and to Gautier S.S. in 1969. In 1961 Gautier-Gemaco was founded.
Gemaco was an already existing organization of several landowners/winegrowers that was established in 1920 and was taken over by Gautier. Then in 1975 - others maintain it was in 1970 - Gautier-Gemaco joined the Berger group, the famous pastis company. It seems Gautier-Gemaco remained a fairly independent subsidiary. They acquired four important other brands in the 1970s: Combeau in 1972, based in Cognac, and Faucon d’Or de Laage (St. Savinien-sur-Charente), Normandin (Chateauneuf) and Girard (Tonnay-Charente) all in 1976.
When Marie Brizard bought Berger in 1995 (called Marie Brizard Wine & Spirits since 2015), Gautier-Gemaco kept its relative independence. In 2006 Marie Brizard became a part of the Belvédère group. Of the cognac brands they still produce today, Gautier is by far the most important. Cellar master of Gautier today is Isabelle Couprie, descendant from a long line of distillers in the grande champagne region. Gautier has owned some vineyards in the past, but not anymore, nor do they distill anymore. It is a business of buying, aging, and selling.
The circumstances for aging are exceptional because the cellars, similarly located on a little isle in the North-east of Aigre - formed by two branches of the river Aume or Osme – providing a humid environment and resulting in more ‘round’ cognacs. Their ‘chateau,’ an old mill near the river, built initially for grain, is now used for their emblem. In the past, they used three deer heads on a shield with a crown on top. Interesting to know is that Gautier holds the record for the oldest bottle of cognac in the world. It is a 1762 bottle, officially recognized by Guinness World Records.
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